Kananaskis Country Hiking
Kananaskis Country is laced with around 1,300 kilometers (800 miles) of hiking trails ranging from short interpretive trails to strenuous full day hikes. Most trailheads are along Highway 40 and in Peter Lougheed Provincial Park. Our team has hiked most Kananaskis Country hiking trails and these are our favourites:
Prairie View Hiking TrailLength: 6.5 kilometers/4 miles (2 to 2.5 hours) one-way
Elevation gain: 420 meters/1,380 feet
Trailhead: north end of Barrier Lake, Highway 40
This trail provides a variety of options; the most straightforward leads to a high viewpoint atop McConnell Ridge. To get started, cross the Barrier Dam, take the right fork at the first junction, and go left at the second. From this point the trail climbs steadily along an old fire lookout road to the summit, where views extend south across Barrier Lake to Mount Baldy. The actual site of the fire lookout is one kilometer (0.6 mile) farther and 80 vertical meters (260 vertical feet) from the main trail along the ridge. The additional climb to the lookout is well worth the effort; you’ll be rewarded with views across Bow Valley to Mount Yamnuska and east across the prairies to Calgary. Back on the main trail, at the 6.5-kilometer (four-mile) mark, you’ll come to Jewell Pass, a major trail junction. The options from this point are to descend along Jewell Creek to the shore of Barrier Lake, passing picturesque Jewell Falls (14 km/8.7 miles round-trip from the parking lot; allow four hours), or to continue north into the Quaite Valley and to the Heart Creek trailhead in the Bow Valley (a further 8 km/five miles one-way).
Mount Allan (Centennial Ridge)Length: 11 kilometers/6.8 miles (4 to 5 hours) one-way
Elevation gain: 1,350 meters/4,430 feet
Trailhead: upper parking lot at Ribbon Creek
This is the highest maintained trail in the Canadian Rockies and one of the few that actually reach a mountaintop. Its final destination is the summit of Mount Allan, on whose slopes the Nakiska ski area lies. From the marked trailhead, it branches to the right, through the Hidden Ski Trail, then left through an open meadow that was the site of the Ribbon Creek Coal Mine. Then the fun starts–the trail gains 610 meters (2,000 feet) of elevation in the next two kilometers (1.2 miles). At the end of this climb the trail arrives atop Centennial Ridge and at the top of the Olympic Platter, starting point for the Men’s Downhill at the 1988 Winter Olympic Games. It follows the ridge past a group of intriguing 25-meter-high (82-foot-high) hoodoos known as the Rock Garden, passes a false summit, and then, finally, reaches the top of 2,990-meter (9,810-foot) Mount Allan.
Rawson Lake Hiking TrailLength: 3.5 kilometers/2.2 miles (1.5 hours) one-way
Elevation gain: 305 meters/1,000 feet
Trailhead: Upper Lake day-use area, Kananaskis Lakes Road, 13 kilometers (8 miles) from Highway 40
This picturesque subalpine lake is one of the most rewarding half-day hiking destinations in Kananaskis Country. It sits in a high cirque and is backed by a towering yet magnificently symmetrical headwall, so it’s easy to spend an hour or two soaking up your surroundings once you reach the end of the trail. Snow lies along the trail well into July, and the lake doesn’t open for fishing until July 15, but it is nevertheless a popular destination throughout summer. Make your way to the farthest parking lot at Upper Lake (through the middle of the main parking lot) and begin the trek by taking the Upper Kananaskis Lake Circuit Trail. Sarrail Creek Falls is passed at the one-kilometer (0.6-mile) mark, 150 meters (0.1 mile) before the Rawson Lake cutoff. Taking the uphill option, you’re faced with almost two kilometers (1.2 miles) of switchbacks. The trail then levels out, with boardwalks constructed over boggy sections of trail, suddenly emerging at the lake’s outlet. Continue around the southern shore, past an intriguing elevated outhouse, to small meadows and slopes of scree that disappear into the lake.
Elbow Lake Hiking Trail
Length: 1.3 kilometers/0.8 mile (30 minutes) one-way
Elevation gain: 135 meters/440 feet
Trailhead: Elbow Pass day-use area, Highway 40, 13 kilometers (8 miles) south of Kananaskis Lakes Road
The official trail is a wide road that climbs quickly into the bowl holding shallow Elbow Lake. The lake is a popular spot, especially for summer picnics; campsites are spread around the south shore. An interesting side trip is to Rae Glacier, a small glacier on the north face of Mount Rae. The trail starts on the east shore of the lake, gaining 400 meters (1,310 feet) of elevation in just over two kilometers (1.2 miles). Elbow Lake is the source of the Elbow River, which flows eastward through Elbow-Sheep Wildland Provincial Park and into the foothills. The short hiking trail from Highway 40 up to the lake is part of a much longer historic route that ran between the two valleys and is still passable for backcountry adventurers.
Burstall Pass Hiking TrailLength: 7.4 kilometers/4.6 miles (2.5 hours) one-way
Elevation gain: 480 meters/1,575 feet
Trailhead: Mud Lake, Smith-Dorrien/Spray Trail, 20 kilometers (12.5 miles) from Kananaskis Lakes Road
From Mud Lake (a popular fishing hole), this trail begins with a three-kilometer (1.9-mile) climb up an old logging road to Burstall Lakes. After traversing some willow flats, it begins climbing again through heavy forest and across avalanche paths to a large cirque. The final ascent to the pass is a real slog, but the view across the Upper Spray Valley (which is in Banff National Park) is worth it.
Watridge Lake Hiking TrailLength: 3.5 kilometers/2.2 miles (1 hour) one-way
Elevation gain: 50 meters/165 feet
Trailhead: Follow the Smith-Dorrien/Spray Trail 40 kilometers (25 miles) south from Canmore, then head 5 kilometers (3.1 miles) west to the Mount Shark staging area.
Most of the hiking in Spray Valley Provincial Park requires some route finding; Watridge Lake is the exception and is open to mountain bikes. The trail begins from behind the information board at the entrance to the main parking lot, skirting a maze of cross-country ski trails and quickly reaching the muddy shoreline of the lake, which is known for excellent cutthroat trout fishing. Dedicated anglers stop here; most other hikers cross the lake’s outlet and continue 900 meters/0.6 mile (allow 20 minutes one-way) to a delightful spring that bursts from the forested slopes of Mount Shark and flows along a riverbed carpeted in moss.
Moose Mountain Hiking TrailLength: 7 kilometers/4.3 miles (2.5 to 3 hours) one-way
Elevation gain: 670 meters/2,200 feet
Trailhead: 7 kilometers (4.3 miles) along an unmarked gravel road that spurs north of Highway 66, 700 meters (0.4 mile) west of Paddy’s Flat Campground
Rising to an elevation of 2,438 meters (8,000 feet), Moose Mountain is the dominant peak in the Elbow River Valley area. Its summit provides 360-degree views over the entire region. From 500 meters (0.3 mile) before a gate across the road, the trail follows an old fire-lookout road for four kilometers (2.5 miles), climbing steadily just below the ridgeline. It then descends before climbing again into an open meadow. Here begins the relentless slog to the domelike lower summit, from where it’s another 100 vertical meters (330 vertical feet), via switchbacks or a direct climb up a ridge, to the upper summit and fire lookout.
Picklejar Lakes Hiking TrailLength: 4.2 kilometers/2.6 miles (90 minutes) one-way
Elevation gain: 470 meters/1,540 feet
Trailhead: Lantern Creek day-use area (not Picklejar day-use area), 3 kilometers (1.9 miles) south of the Mist Creek day-use area, Highway 40
The name of these lakes was coined by early anglers, who claimed fishing them was as “easy as catching fish in a pickle jar.” The name stuck, and it’s still mostly anglers who are attracted to the four lakes. They lie at the southern end of Elbow-Sheep Wildland Provincial Park. To access the trail, cross the road from Lantern Creek day-use area and walk up the hill 100 meters (330 feet). The trail is unmarked but easy to follow as it passes through a lightly forested area and open meadows to a ridge above Picklejar Creek. Descend and cross the creek, following its north bank up a steep, open slope, or stay high and right across a scree slope to reach the pass at 2,180 meters (7,150 feet). The first lake is 300 meters (0.2 mile) beyond the pass. The trail continues past two more lakes before ending at the fourth, which is the largest and has incredibly clear water. A lightly marked trail encircles the fourth lake.