Jasper National Park Boat Tours
Jasper National Park boat tours take place on Maligne Lake, a 40-minute drive south of the town of Jasper.
In 1908, Mary Schäffer and her guides fashioned a raft from trees and paddled onto Maligne Lake. Today, visitors can enjoy the same lake-and-mountain panorama enjoyed by Schäffer over a century ago from the comfort of a covered tour boat on a 90-minute scenic cruise to Spirit Island. The only company licensed to operate on the lake is Maligne Tours, which has been taking visitors out on the lake for over 80 years.
The boat tour to Spirit Island is hosted by a tour guide who is well versed on the natural and human history of the lake, with the a commentary starting as the boat departs the dock at what is locally known as Home Bay. Passengers hear of ancient rockslides that spread across the valley, the geology of prominent peaks is explained, and an overview of local wildlife is given. As the boat continues toward Spirit Island, the origins of surrounding mountains become more obvious as the guide describes their composition and pint out features such as the Opal Hills and fault lines. As the boat motors southward, a number of glaciers come into view, and the geology of these frozen rivers of ice clinging to the mountains is explained.
Entering Samson Narrows (also called The Narrows), it is apparent how sediment runoff from the surrounding mountains has accumulated in the lake, contracting the lake width to just 100 metres (330 feet). Beyond Samson Narrows, the tour boats round a corner and famous Spirit Island comes into view. Here, the captain will turn off the boat’s motor, allowing passengers to step out onto the boat’s deck and soak up the 360-degree lake-and-mountain panorama. Pulling ashore at a dock beside Spirit Island, plenty of time is allotted to walk the short trail to the ideal vantage for a postcard-perfect composition of Spirit Island surrounded by turquoise water and with Mount Charlton rising dramatically in the background.
The lookout over Spirit Island, a small isle of trees linked to the mainland by a low, rocky isthmus, provides one of the most famous vistas in the Canadian Rockies—and is surely one of the most recognized mountain scenes in all of Canada. In the early 1920s, James B. Harkin, Dominion Parks Branch commissioner, contracted Calgary photographer, William J. Oliver to take photographs of the Canadian Rockies as part of a publicity campaign to entice tourists to the mountain parks. The most recognizable of the Oliver photographs is a sepia-toned photograph featuring Spirit Island with a birch canoe and a tepee. This highly stylized image created a romantic visual that left viewers with an impression of Maligne that was remote, wild, and connected to Aboriginal mysticism. Renowned Banff photographer Byron Harmon visited the island in 1924, staging a photo shoot that also used a tepee. In the 1940s and 50s, local photographer Harry Rowed became known as much for his large-format images as his popular postcards that were sold at his Jasper studio. Rowed often called the island F11 for the camera setting which produced the best photographs.
It wasn’t until the late 1960s that the name Spirit Island came into widespread use. Although the name is now inextricably linked to the beauty of Maligne Lake and Jasper National Park, its origin is not known. One story involves the nephew of Lewis Suzette Swift, who homesteaded in the Athabasca River Valley in the 1890s. It was said that the young boy became sick and died on a hunting trip to the lake and is buried on what the family began calling Spirit Island.
The scenic cruise runs multiple times daily between early June and early October, weather permitting. For the best chance of enjoying calm water and less crowds, plan to join an early morning or late afternoon cruise. Make reservations in advance either at Maligne Tours downtown ticket office at 616 Patricia Street (780 852 3370 or 866 625 4463), or out at the lake, or book online at www.malignelake.com.